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The influence of tennis court surfaces on player perceptions and biomechanical reponse

Starbuck, Chelsea, Damm, Loic, Clarke, James, Carre, Matt, Capel-Davis, Jamie, MiIler, Stuart, Stiles, Victoria and Dixon, Sharon (2015) The influence of tennis court surfaces on player perceptions and biomechanical reponse. Journal of Sports Sciences. ISSN 1466-447X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1127988

Abstract

This study aimed to examine player perceptions and biomechanical responses to tennis surfaces and to evaluate the influence of prior clay court experience. Two groups with different clay experiences (experience group, n = 5 and low-experience group, n = 5) performed a 180° turning movement. Three-dimensional ankle and knee movements (50 Hz), plantar pressure of the turning step (100 Hz) and perception data (visual analogue scale questionnaire) were collected for two tennis courts (acrylic and clay). Greater initial knee flexion (acrylic 20. 8 ± 11.2° and clay 32.5 ± 9.4°) and a more upright position were reported on the clay compared to the acrylic court (P < 0.05). This suggests adaptations to increase player stability on clay. Greater hallux pressures and lower midfoot pressures were observed on the clay court, allowing for sliding whilst providing grip at the forefoot. Players with prior clay court experience exhibited later peak knee flexion compared to those with low experience. All participants perceived the differences in surface properties between courts and thus responded appropriately to these differences. The level of previous clay court experience did not influence players’ perceptions of the surfaces; however, those with greater clay court experience may reduce injury risk as a result of reduced loading through later peak knee flexion.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Playing experience, turning, pressure, kinematics
Divisions: ?? UniversityCollegePlymouthMarkJohn ??
Depositing User: User Test
Date Deposited: 17 May 2016 12:09
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 20:21
URI: http://marjon.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/9202

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