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Diversity of Diptera families that pollinate Ceropegia (Apocynaceae) trap flowers: An update in light of new data and phylogenetic analyses

Ollerton, Jeff, Dötterl, Stefan, Ghorpadé, Kumar, Heiduk, Annemarie, Liede-Schumann, Sigrid, Masinde, Siro, Meve, Ulrich, Peter, Craig I., Prieto-Benítez, Samuel, Punekar, Sachin, Thulin, Mats and Whittington, Andrew E. (2017) Diversity of Diptera families that pollinate Ceropegia (Apocynaceae) trap flowers: An update in light of new data and phylogenetic analyses. Flora, 234. pp. 233-244. ISSN 03672530

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2017.07.013

Abstract

Pollination by flies (Diptera) has been important to the diversification and ecology of the flowering plants, but is poorly understood in contrast to pollination by other groups such as bees, butterflies and birds. Within the Apocynaceae the genera Ceropegia and Riocreuxia temporarily trap flies, releasing them after a fixed, species-specific period of time, during which pollination and/or pollen removal occurs. This “trap flower” pollination system shows convergent evolution with unrelated species in other families and fascinated Stefan Vogel for much of his career, leading to ground-breaking work on floral function in Ceropegia (Apocynaceae). In this new study we extend the work of the latest broad analysis published by some of the authors (Ollerton et al., 2009 − Annals of Botany). This incorporates previously unpublished data from India and Africa, as well as recently published information, on the diversity of pollinators exploited by Ceropegia. The analyses are based on a more accurate phylogenetic understanding of the relationships between the major groups, and significantly widens the biogeographic scope of our understanding of fly pollination within Ceropegia. Information about the pollinators of 69 taxa (species, subspecies and natural varieties) of Ceropegia is now available. Twenty five families of Diptera are known to visit the flowers of Ceropegia, of which sixteen are confirmed as pollinators. Most taxa are pollinated by species from a single family. Overall, there were no major biogeographic differences in the types of Diptera that were used in particular regions, though some subtle differences were apparent. Likewise there were no differences between the two major clades of Ceropegia, but clear differences when comparing the range of Diptera exploited by Ceropegia with that of the stapeliads. This clade, one of the largest in the Asclepiadoideae, is a fascinating example of a species radiation driven by an apparently relatively uniform set of pollinators.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article available through link provided.
Keywords: Apocynaceae Asclepiadoideae Ceropegia Diptera Flower evolution Pollination Specialisation Ceropegieae-Stapeliinae
Divisions: Health Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Kerry Kellaway
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2018 14:38
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2019 10:50
URI: http://marjon.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/17273

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