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Resonance Tube Phonation in Water—the Effect of Tube Diameter and Water Depth on Back Pressure and Bubble Characteristics at Different Airflows

Wistbacka, Greta, Andrade, Pedro Amarante, Simberg, Susanna, Hammarberg, Britta, Södersten, Maria, Švec, Jan G. and Granqvist, Svante (2017) Resonance Tube Phonation in Water—the Effect of Tube Diameter and Water Depth on Back Pressure and Bubble Characteristics at Different Airflows. Journal of Voice. ISSN 08921997

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2017.04.015

Abstract

Objectives: Resonance tube phonation with tube end in water is a voice therapy method in which the patient phonates through a glass tube, keeping the free end of the tube submerged in water, creating bubbles. The purpose of this experimental study was to determine flow-pressure relationship, flow thresholds between bubble types, and bubble frequency as a function of flow and back volume. Methods A flow-driven vocal tract simulator was used for recording the back pressure produced by resonance tubes with inner diameters of 8 and 9 mm submerged at water depths of 0–7 cm. Visual inspection of bubble types through video recording was also performed. Results The static back pressure was largely determined by the water depth. The narrower tube provided a slightly higher back pressure for a given flow and depth. The amplitude of the pressure oscillations increased with flow and depth. Depending on flow, the bubbles were emitted from the tube in three distinct types with increasing flow: one by one, pairwise, and in a chaotic manner. The bubble frequency was slightly higher for the narrower tube. An increase in back volume led to a decrease in bubble frequency. Conclusions This study provides data on the physical properties of resonance tube phonation with the tube end in water. This information will be useful in future research when looking into the possible effects of this type of voice training.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article available on the link provided.
Keywords: Resonance tube phonation in water, Back pressure, Tube diameter, Water depth, Voice therapy
Divisions: Language Sciences
Depositing User: Ms Alice Primmer
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2017 09:23
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2018 14:49
URI: http://marjon.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/15979

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