Plymouth Marjon University Repository

Uremic myopathy: is oxidative stress implicated in muscle dysfunction in uremia?

Kaltsatou, Antonia, Sakkas, Giorgos K., Poulianiti, Konstantina P., Koutedakis, Yiannis, Tepetes, Konstantinos, Christodoulidis, Grigorios, Stefanidis, Ioannis and Karatzaferi, Christina (2015) Uremic myopathy: is oxidative stress implicated in muscle dysfunction in uremia? Frontiers in Physiology, 6. pp. 1-7. ISSN 1664-042X

[img]
Preview
Text
fphys-06-00102.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (293kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2015.00102

Abstract

Renal failure is accompanied by progressive muscle weakness and premature fatigue, in part linked to hypokinesis and in part to uremic toxicity. These changes are associated with various detrimental biochemical and morphological alterations. All of these pathological parameters are collectively termed uremic myopathy. Various interventions while helpful can't fully remedy the pathological phenotype. Complex mechanisms that stimulate muscle dysfunction in uremia have been proposed, and oxidative stress could be implicated. Skeletal muscles continuously produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) at rest and more so during contraction. The aim of this mini review is to provide an update on recent advances in our understanding of how ROS and RNS generation might contribute to muscle dysfunction in uremia. Thus, a systematic review was conducted searching PubMed and Scopus by using the Cochrane and PRISMA guidelines. While few studies met our criteria their findings are discussed making reference to other available literature data. Oxidative stress can direct muscle cells into a catabolic state and chronic exposure to it leads to wasting. Moreover, redox disturbances can significantly affect force production per se. We conclude that oxidative stress can be in part responsible for some aspects of uremic myopathy. Further research is needed to discern clear mechanisms and to help efforts to counteract muscle weakness and exercise intolerance in uremic patients.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Oxidative stress, uremia, muscle dysfunction, uremic myopathy, premature fatigue, muscle weakness
Divisions: ?? UniversityCollegePlymouthMarkJohn ??
Depositing User: Mrs Wendy Evans
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2017 21:07
Last Modified: 22 May 2019 11:50
URI: http://marjon.collections.crest.ac.uk/id/eprint/15306

Actions (login required)

Edit Item Edit Item